Thursday, February 24, 2005

Week 7

I was searching for the C.O.R.N.S. website and information that Dr. C mentioned in class, but was unable to find it. To my advantage though, I found an article about different corns used in American Indian tradition and the effect corn has played in their culture. The article identifies that two main types of corn were grown by the American Indians, The Indians grew two main types of corn, Zea mays indurata, or the flint corns, and Zea mays amylacea or the flour corns." I have not had a chance to go look at the corn used for art at the natural history museum but I found some on the internet.

When I think about what I consume compared to waht the American Indians consumed it is a scary thought. The indians used the for all food purposes. Meaning they grew their corn, they great wheat, and other things. The corn was very much part of their culture becuase without these essentials things their diet and even lifestyle would have greatly changed. The corn represtents to American Indians what resources we use mean. Many artists use wood as a natural peiece of art that reflects connection to the earth. I imagine it is the same for American Indians the corn is a connection to the earth and there fore the art represents that symbolism.

Week 6


The issue is about land, which is commonly the issue in this country. Who does it belong to? Does it belong to the people that called the land home ages ago, or the white settlers who kicked off the American Indians that lived and survived by the land prior? The article asks a similar question, "The central question in the case is what happens to land, once part of an Indian reservation, that is reacquired by the tribe. Is the land sovereign, free of all but federal and tribal laws? Or are tribes like any other landowner, subject to local and state laws?" The article states that the land in the case only specifices a few parcels of land, but could affect much of the land in New York State. New York officials argue though taht because the land is not continuous there will be many issues of the state's governing potential, 'The (Oneida) land is not contiguous so there is a checker-boarding effect, and that deprives local governments their right to be self-governing, 'said Campanie, whose county is about 80 percent former reservation land.
"So you have street corners or the middle of a block where they don't have to pay taxes, where local zoning laws don't apply, where police and firefighters have no jurisdiction," Campanie said. 'That's chaos.'" This is not the first time the Oneida tribe has been to court of land issues, "Joined by other Oneidas in Wisconsin and Ontario, New York's Oneidas have been in a long-running land claim lawsuit against New York state for the return of 250,000 acres in Madison and Oneida counties they claim the state illegally bought from the tribes in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in a related 1985 case that the Oneidas had a valid claim to their former reservation lands. As a result, land claims by the Mohawks and Cayugas, two other upstate New York tribes, also advanced in the court system, while the state and tribes tried to negotiate settlements.
The Oneida tribe is hopeful that the Supreme Court and New York will respectfully understand that this land belongs to the tribe"The Oneida Nation is hopeful the Supreme Court will recognize its rights on its reservation land," said Oneida spokesman Mark Emery."

Wednesday, February 09, 2005

Week 5

Last weekend I went home to do my grocery store shopping in Tula at a whole foods supermarket called "Wild Oats". Wild Oats has a wide variety of stuff, its like an organic Sam's, for Oklahoma atleast. It's interesting how many people are buying into this organic food craze and how expensive it is to eat food that is not processed or sprayed with pesticides.
I found an article that helped explain why these food that are healthier are untouchable for some people.,,161170_179846,00.html
The article explains that since these foods grown in the soil are labor intensive they is obviously more cost involved. A lot of the reason that food at the grocery store is not outrageously expensive is because the trade for the food is not fair. A local coffee shop in town buys all of its coffee fair traide, which means that the coffee growers and the coffee bean pickers are paid fairly. THis is important because a lot of that coffee comes from third world countries and the workers are exploited.
This organic food issue is very interesting for sociology because it presents a familar issue of the haves and have-nots. Like many things in this society if you have the money, you can possess them. For instance, if individuals can afford to be eduated they will go to a university. Now we see that only those who can afford to eat healthy will. People living on government assistance can't afford organic food. Food at the grocery store typically has herbicides and other processes to prevent insects getting to it. This is all indicated in the article. These people who cannot afford to buy organic food are buying this food that could be potentially problematic for health.

Week 4

Today we spoke briefly in class about using land water appropriately, meaning with some discretion. In this discussion we toughed on the dieas that we no longer eat the Harvest of Oklahoma. Instead we have access to any food in the world that want. Similarly, we dont plant native oklahoma species of grass and varitities of plants, we plant things that require a lot of water or simply a different environment than that of what we have in Oklahoma. I think there is a lot of truth to this discussion. I buy bannanas at the super market, and enjoy having different plants in the garden.I enjoy eating avocados, but you cannot grow an avocado tree in Oklahoma. I have never thought about this discussion until this class. This is also true with the Magnolia tree, I beleive. In southern states the Magnolia tree does very well because it does not handle freezes. Yet, here on the OSU campus there are many Magnolia trees. One particular tree does very well, this tree is located between the Serentean Center and Gunderson.
I went home thinking about how we no longer live off the land as we once did. I wonder what has changed since Oklahomans have stopped eating the fruit of the harvest. Does this explain psychological issues in people, does this explain other issues in health? I heard once that using local honey helps people deal with allergies. This is probably the case with other local harvest. Oklahoma sage is good for many medicinal purposes and the sage has been used in teas and I'm sure Oklahoma Native Indians use the sage for other things. I did a little of my own research to see what the native plants of Oklahoma are:
I found a lot of the plants in Oklahoma.
Other interesting things I found are that Oklahoma has 140 different species of trees, both angiosperms and gymnosperms. Some gymnosperms in Oklahoma are the evergreens we have in SouthEastern Oklahoma. Some of the angiosperms are the Peach tree.

Week 3

Today I drove home to see my family and made a pint to look at the gorgeous Oklahoma landscape on Highway 51 East. Miles Tolbert's website, he refers to this region as the Crosstimber of Oklahoma. I always drive down 51 wishing that I had the motivation and necessary permission to get out of my car and walk through the hillsides and pastures. My finance is a photographer and we always stop to see the setting of the sun.
Sunsets in Oklahoma are unlike anywhere else in the United States.
I heard once that all the dust in the air causes the pink color in the Oklahoma sunsets. When Ray and I drive down 51 we always talk about getting out of the car and taking pictures, but we never actually do it. All of the land on 51 east of Stillwater is looks like it has a lot of history and all kinds of stories. I especially like the drive the closer I get to Lake Keystone. One thing I like most about it is that it looks like there are still several places you can see for miles and it doenst appear that man has designated this land as his, and the wildlife still roam free. I like seeing all of the abandoned buildings and creeks in Payne county to Osage county, to Tulsa county.
This creek is one of my favorite in all of Oklahoma.
I have a lot of family in Pawnee. My cousin, Anita, actually helped the city of pawnee re-open the old bathhouse and it is very cool. I love these old structures. I had the priviledge of assisting my dad inspecting bridges in the summers as a little girl. My dad would always take me to the coolest old bridges. Freyfogle has given me new insight into how I look at land. Although all of this land I see on 51 is owned by someone, I hope that it is always protected in a sense that people driving down the road will enjoy the driven because of the scenary.